Suppression of PAMPs, Pathogen-Associated Microbial Patterns, Induced Cytokine Synthesis of PBMC, Human Blood Mononuclear Cells, by Immunoglobulin Preparation
Ayumi Yamamoto1, Noriko N. Miura1, Toshiaki Oharaseki2, Kei Takahashi2, Shiro Naoe2, Kazuo Suzuki3, Naohito Ohno*, 1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2012
First Page: 53
Last Page: 61
Publisher Id: TOALLJ-5-53
Article History:Received Date: 20/6/2012
Revision Received Date: 15/7/2012
Acceptance Date: 17/7/2012
Electronic publication date: 24/8/2012
Collection year: 2012
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The applications of immunoglobulin preparation for intravenous injection (IVIg) for various intractable diseases are increasing. The two major clinical indications for IVIg are the replacement therapy and the anti-inflammation therapy for a variety of acute and chronic autoimmune diseases. One of the proposed mechanisms of IVIg activity is the modulation of cytokine expression and function; therefore, we analyzed the effect of IVIg on pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-induced cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) as a result of stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium salt (Poly I:C), or Pam3CysSerLys4 (Pam3) was significantly inhibited by sulfonated-IVIg (S-IVIg), or by F(ab')2. Assessed by one-color microarray analysis, the expressions of 229 genes were inhibited to 1/200 or less by F(ab')2. On the other hand, the expressions of 159 genes were increased by more than 100-fold by F(ab')2. According to these results, it was suggested that IVIg inhibits inflammatory PAMPs-induced cytokine production by PBMCs, due to the modulation of varieties of gene expression.