Food Allergy in Children with Asthma: Prevalence and Correlation with Clinical Severity of Respiratory Disease
E. Calamelli, G. Ricci*, V. Dell’Omo, B. Bendandi, M. Masi
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2008
First Page: 5
Last Page: 11
Publisher Id: TOALLJ-1-5
Article History:Received Date: 31/12/2017
Revision Received Date: 30/4/2008
Acceptance Date: 14/5/2008
Electronic publication date: 17/6/2008
Collection year: 2008
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Epidemiological evidence suggests that there is a link between asthma and food allergy. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of food allergy in asthmatic children and to evaluate a possible impact of food allergy on asthma severity. The study enrolled 103 asthmatic children (mean age: 11 years). Skin prick-test, dosage of specific IgE to a standardized panel of inhalant and food allergens and spirometric evaluation was made for each patient. Twenty-four (23%) patients presented food allergy, 75 (77%) were sensitized to at least one food. A lower rate of children with controlled symptoms was found in children with food allergy and a higher rate of persistent asthma was found in children sensitized to at least 4 foods. In conclusion, food allergy/sensitization should always be investigated in asthmatic children for its association with increasing severity (only in food sensitized patients) and reduced control of asthmatic symptoms.